Wenceslas Square is the central square in Prague. The square actually has the shape of a wide street or a boulevard. Wenceslas Square is more than 700 meters long, but only about 60 meters wide.
For the inhabitants of Prague, Wenceslas Square is their central city square. Many tourists would rather see the Old Town Square with the Town Hall, as the main square of Prague. But on Wenceslas Square, for example, central events took place in the Prague Spring and especially at the end of communism in 1989.
All 3 underground lines from Prague stop at Wenceslas Square, and many tram lines also cross the large square of Prague. With a length of over 700 metres, it is one of the longest city squares in Europe.
Many tourists also come to Wenceslas Square. There are several department stores and smaller shopping centres around Wenceslas Square. There are also many restaurants, well-known, old cafes, McDonald’s etc., exchange offices and much more.
At one end of the square is the mighty National Museum of the Czech Republic. It has been renovated for years and has been reopened since 2018.
At the other end, stores are like a large branch of the clothing chain New Yorker. The Old Town with the Altstädter RIng is only about 200 to 300 meters away from this end of Wenceslas Square.
On Wenceslas Square in Prague there is an important monument. The large monument not far from the large museum is the monument to St. Wenceslas, who gave his name to the square. It is a huge bronze equestrian statue and the most famous monument in the Czech Republic. It was made by the artist Josef Václav Myslbek in 1913. Svatý Václav lived in the 10th century and is a Czech national hero.
Another, much smaller monument is only a few metres away from the National Museum. In early 1969 the student Jan Palach burned himself here at the age of 20 in protest against the invasion of Czechoslovakia by troops from the Warsaw Pact states in the Prague Spring.
The prices of gastronomy around Wenceslas Square are significantly higher than in most other parts of Prague. Only in parts of the Old Town is it even more expensive. There have been snack bars offering fast food on the square for about 30 years. Who wants can try one of the different Bratwürste or hamburgers (about 2-4 euros). The hamburgers, served with cabbage, are legendary.
The international chains at Wenceslas Square include H&M, C&A, New Yorker and Foot Locker.
Beware on Wenceslas Square: watch out in the exchange offices. Some take up to 30 % fees when exchanging euros for Czech crowns, others only about 2 %. Some restaurants and cafes on Wenceslas Square also gamble with tourists. There are also pickpockets. There are also some women who appear as streetwalkers (mostly Roma from the Balkans).
The English name of Wenceslas Square is “Wenceslas Square”, the Czech name “Václavské náměstí”. Easier for foreigners are the names of the two metro stations at Wenceslas Square: Museum and Mustek (at both ends of the long city square and 2 of the 3 Prague underground lines).
Film Wenceslas Square
Short video with more info